Disclosure: Catbirdlinux.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program such that this site earns advertising fees by linking to Amazon.com. If you make a qualifying purchase after clicking a link on this website, the associate affiliated with this site may earn a comission at no cost to you.
"What at first seems simple is quite complex whenseen up close..." Start your Vim experience with some time using the built in Vim Tutor. From
normalmode, enter a colon and "Tutor" like this: :Tutor To open a specific file: nvim filename To edit a "a new buffer": nvim filename "Buffers" are content being edited in Neovim. "Files" are that same content when saved (written) to the filesystem. Vertical splitscut the window into left and right panes with: :vs or Ctrl+w v Horizontal splitscut the window into upper and lower panes with: :sp or Ctrl+w s Navigate among the splits with Ctrl+w and h j k l . Mouse clicks also work for moving among splits. Normalmode is for selecting, moving, and manipulating text. To exit normalmode and close nvim, enter :q Navigate lines with 0 to go fully left and $ to go fully right. Go to the top of the document with gg Go to the bottom with G Navigate to the middle of the screen with uppercase M Jump a half page up with Ctrl+u and down with Ctrl+d To save the buffer before exiting, make the command :wq To save with a different filename, use :w filename.txt Insertmode is for writing. To edit a buffer, change to insert mode by using these keys: i 0 Yes, an i or number key 0 changes the mode to insertmode. To get out of insertand return to normalmode, use the ESC key. Searching for text: From normalmode, enter :/ followed by the search string. If the string has white space, terminate it with / . For example... /Four score and seven years/ /Let me take you down/ /mode Replacing text: Search and replace all with the command: %s/find this/replace with this/g The %means "whole file" and the gmeans "every instance on every line." Visualmode is for selecting, copying, and pasting text. Copying is called yankingand pasting is called putting. To highlight text in snippets: 1) Set the cursor to the start of the selection... 2) Enter a lower case v to begin highlighting / selecting text... 3) Move the cursor to the end of the selection... To highlight whole lines, use an upper case V instead: Shift+V 4) Yankthe text to the clipboard with a lower case y 5) Smile happily that you didn't need to use cryptic "*y to do it! 6) Old-style yankingto any chosen buffer is still available... 7) Puttext into a place with p Note: Catbird Linux uses a riced-up version of Neovim with many plugins, making yankingand puttingeasy. You can Ctrl+v or Ctrl+Shift+v to paste into other buffers or the terminal. Note: Yankingand puttingcan be quite complex. This is the tip of a large iceberg. To cut text, highlight first, then enter a lower case c . Try this in normalmode: Copy a whole line with yy Copy a whole file with :ggVGy or cut with :ggVGc Neovim, in this distro, is enhanced by several plugins for code syntax highlighting, autocompletion, error checking, automatic formatting, and fuzzy searching. Enter the command :PlugStatus to see the list of installed plugins. Knowledge of Neovim and its plugin ecosystem is encyclopedic in nature, but it is huge because it is a fabulous tool for efficiency of work flow. Start writing and coding without delay if you want to become proficient with Vi style editing. Use it to make your writing and coding easier. For big dreams and big journeys, you need tools to give you big leverage. #Advert: Upgrade: Fabulous TRX40 Threadripper Motherboards!